Technologies have been applied to fighting crimes for ages.
We are familiar with the common techniques like fingerprinting that have been used successfully but there are more recent developments as well.
New technologies are already transforming policing all over the world.
Here are the top 7 technologies used in law enforcement;
1) Biometric Technologies
Fingerprints have been used as a means of unique identification by the police for over 100 years.
But there is a couple of other biometric features that security agencies use.
These are the sorts of things that crime science deals with.
Other biometric features that are used include iris recognition, voice recognition, palmprints, wrist veins, gait analysis, heartbeat signature, DNA and even typing rhythm.
All these features can be digitized now so it is easier to have a database that can help in looking up suspects.
London even has a mobile fingerprinting device that can lookup suspects and sends reports within 6o seconds, saving police time and cost.
If a robot dies in active service we can make another one but the cost of a police officer’s life cannot be truly compensated for.
Not exactly like Robocop though, but robots are being applied already in policing situations especially when it’s high risk.
Ford has filed for a patent for a self-driving police car that can have one officer, optionally. This car will be able to spy on violators and the officer can arrest if the robot has got something on a violator.
Out of a real problem of gun violence in the Chicago, United States, a business started in 2010 has been able to provide service that spots gunshots and able to alert security operatives to arrest the situation.
While this can help to track the shooter after the crime, an incredible story of how it worked in action, being able to stop a mass shooting inside 4 minutes and 14 seconds.
See more of the story at Forbes blog.
4) Thermal Imaging
Live heat map images that the police can see can help in the night. This has been life-saving since the invention of infrared imaging cameras.
There are technical areas where these cameras are used in delivering security services, like rescue and detecting possible exhibits from a crime scene.
More technical detail on this can be seen at policeone.com.
5) Artificial Intelligence
If there is enough information from social media, for example, AI can aid in finding some suicide cases.
This may not be possible due to privacy issues. However, already existing data have been used in an application area called predictive policing.
Techsuite uses AI to develop most of their apps.
6) Automatic License Plate Recognition (ALPR)
Police cameras are enabled with this technology that can be used to scan and check the identity of vehicles that may have been stolen.
This can help to retrieve the vehicles and arrest the criminal.
Again because of privacy matters, how ALPR technology is used has been regulated in many countries.
7) Video Camera: Body-worn and Drones
Body-worn cameras became necessary in supervising police officers in operation especially because they get scared sometime and have to use firearms out of panic.
Body cameras can help to ensure that they have oversight in the discharge of their duties.
Drones are capable of providing aerial surveillance. Concerns about privacy of coming to the fore with drone use but police chiefs insist drones will be used judiciously.